Tesla Fahrzeugsicherheitsbericht

Wir bei Tesla glauben, dass Technologie zur Verbesserung der Sicherheit erheblich beitragen kann. Aus diesem Grund sind Tesla-Fahrzeuge sind von Konzept und Konstruktion her auf maximale Sicherheit ausgelegt. Wir sind davon überzeugt, dass die einzigartige Kombination aus passiver Sicherheit, aktiver Sicherheit und automatisierter Fahrerassistenz entscheidend für die Sicherheit nicht nur der Tesla-Fahrer und -Passagiere, sondern aller Verkehrsteilnehmer ist. Dieser Gedanke liegt jeder Entscheidung zugrunde, die wir treffen – vom Design unserer Autos über die Software, die wir einführen, bis hin zu den Funktionen, die wir jedem Tesla-Besitzer bieten.

Unsere Model S, Model X und Model 3 zeichnen sich durch die niedrigste allgemeine Verletzungswahrscheinlichkeit aller Fahrzeuge aus, die jemals unter dem New Car Assessment Program der US-Behörden getestet wurden. Einen großen Beitrag dazu leistet die hochsteife, verstärkte Struktur des Batteriepakets, das im Unterflur unserer Fahrzeuge angeordnet ist, wodurch das Fahrzeug außergewöhnliche Festigkeit, große Knautschzonen und einen einzigartig niedrigen Schwerpunkt bietet. Aufgrund ihrer Stärke werden die Tesla-Batteriepacks bei Unfällen selten ernsthaft beschädigt. Und im äußerst unwahrscheinlichen Fall, dass ein Brand auftritt, stellt das hochmoderne Design unserer Batteriepakete sicher, dass das Sicherheitssystem wie vorgesehen anspricht und das Feuer auf bestimmte Bereiche innerhalb der Batterie beschränkt und gleichzeitig Wärme aus Innenraum und Fahrzeug ableitet.

Obwohl kein Fahrzeug Unfälle vollkommen verhindern kann, arbeiten wir kontinuierlich daran, das Unfallrisiko konsequent weiter zu senken. Aktive Sicherheitsfunktionen gehören bei allen Tesla-Fahrzeugen, die nach September 2014 hergestellt wurden, zur Standardausstattung und bieten eine zusätzliche Sicherheitsebene, die über die physische Struktur des Fahrzeugs hinausgeht. Da jeder Tesla vernetzt ist, können wir auf Milliarden von Kilometern, von denen mehr als 1 Milliarde mit eingeschaltetem Autopiloten gefahren wurden, also auf reale Daten unserer weltweiten Flotte zugreifen, um die verschiedenen Arten von Unfällen zu analysieren und verstehen. Auf Basis dieser Daten entwickeln wir dann Funktionen, die Tesla-Fahrern helfen können, Unfälle zu mildern oder ganz zu vermeiden. Durch "Over-the-Air"-Software-Updates sind wir in der Lage, Sicherheitsfunktionen und -verbesserungen lange nach Auslieferung eines Fahrzeugs zu implementieren und aktualisierte Versionen bestehender Sicherheitsfunktionen zu installieren, die die aktuellsten, von unserer Flotte gesammelten Daten aus der realen Welt berücksichtigen.

Im Oktober 2018 haben wir mit der freiwilligen Freigabe von vierteljährlichen Sicherheitsdaten begonnen, um der Öffentlichkeit wichtige Sicherheitsinformationen über unsere Fahrzeuge zur Verfügung zu stellen. Im Juli 2019 begannen wir zudem mit der freiwilligen Veröffentlichung von jährlich aktualisierten Daten über Fahrzeugbrände. Die Unfallraten aller Fahrzeuge auf der Straße können von Quartal zu Quartal variieren und von saisonalen Faktoren wie reduziertem Tageslicht und schlechtem Wetter beeinflusst werden.

Accident Data

Q1 2021

In the 1st quarter, we registered one accident for every 4.19 million miles driven in which drivers had Autopilot engaged. For those driving without Autopilot but with our active safety features, we registered one accident for every 2.05 million miles driven. For those driving without Autopilot and without our active safety features, we registered one accident for every 978 thousand miles driven. By comparison, NHTSA’s most recent data shows that in the United States there is an automobile crash every 484,000 miles.

Q4 2020

In the 4th quarter, we registered one accident for every 3.45 million miles driven in which drivers had Autopilot engaged. For those driving without Autopilot but with our active safety features, we registered one accident for every 2.05 million miles driven. For those driving without Autopilot and without our active safety features, we registered one accident for every 1.27 million miles driven. By comparison, NHTSA’s most recent data shows that in the United States there is an automobile crash every 484,000 miles.*

*Note: Since we released our last quarterly safety report, NHTSA has released new data, which we’ve referenced in this quarter’s report.

Q3 2020

In the 3rd quarter, we registered one accident for every 4.59 million miles driven in which drivers had Autopilot engaged. For those driving without Autopilot but with our active safety features, we registered one accident for every 2.42 million miles driven. For those driving without Autopilot and without our active safety features, we registered one accident for every 1.79 million miles driven. By comparison, NHTSA’s most recent data shows that in the United States there is an automobile crash every 479,000 miles.

Q2 2020

In the 2nd quarter, we registered one accident for every 4.53 million miles driven in which drivers had Autopilot engaged. For those driving without Autopilot but with our active safety features, we registered one accident for every 2.27 million miles driven. For those driving without Autopilot and without our active safety features, we registered one accident for every 1.56 million miles driven. By comparison, NHTSA’s most recent data shows that in the United States there is an automobile crash every 479,000 miles.

Q1 2020

In the 1st quarter, we registered one accident for every 4.68 million miles driven in which drivers had Autopilot engaged. For those driving without Autopilot but with our active safety features, we registered one accident for every 1.99 million miles driven. For those driving without Autopilot and without our active safety features, we registered one accident for every 1.42 million miles driven. By comparison, NHTSA’s most recent data shows that in the United States there is an automobile crash every 479,000 miles.

Total overall miles and crashes were significantly reduced in this quarter.

Q4 2019

In the 4th quarter, we registered one accident for every 3.07 million miles driven in which drivers had Autopilot engaged. For those driving without Autopilot but with our active safety features, we registered one accident for every 2.10 million miles driven. For those driving without Autopilot and without our active safety features, we registered one accident for every 1.64 million miles driven. By comparison, NHTSA’s most recent data shows that in the United States there is an automobile crash every 479,000 miles.*

*Note: Since we released our last quarterly safety report, NHTSA has released new data, which we’ve referenced in this quarter’s report.

Q3 2019

In the 3rd quarter, we registered one accident for every 4.34 million miles driven in which drivers had Autopilot engaged. For those driving without Autopilot but with our active safety features, we registered one accident for every 2.70 million miles driven. For those driving without Autopilot and without our active safety features, we registered one accident for every 1.82 million miles driven. By comparison, NHTSA’s most recent data shows that in the United States there is an automobile crash every 498,000 miles.

Q2 2019

In the 2nd quarter, we registered one accident for every 3.27 million miles driven in which drivers had Autopilot engaged. For those driving without Autopilot but with our active safety features, we registered one accident for every 2.19 million miles driven. For those driving without Autopilot and without our active safety features, we registered one accident for every 1.41 million miles driven. By comparison, NHTSA’s most recent data shows that in the United States there is an automobile crash every 498,000 miles.*

*Note: Since we released our last quarterly safety report, NHTSA has released new data, which we’ve referenced in this quarter’s report.

Q1 2019

In the 1st quarter, we registered one accident for every 2.87 million miles driven in which drivers had Autopilot engaged. For those driving without Autopilot but with our active safety features, we registered one accident for every 1.76 million miles driven. For those driving without Autopilot and without our active safety features, we registered one accident for every 1.26 million miles driven. By comparison, NHTSA’s most recent data shows that in the United States there is an automobile crash every 436,000 miles.

Q4 2018

In the 4th quarter, we registered one accident for every 2.91 million miles driven in which drivers had Autopilot engaged. For those driving without Autopilot but with our active safety features, we registered one accident for every 1.58 million miles driven. For those driving without Autopilot and without our active safety features, we registered one accident for every 1.25 million miles driven. By comparison, NHTSA’s most recent data shows that in the United States there is an automobile crash every 436,000 miles.*

*Note: Since we released our Q3 report, NHTSA has released new data, which we’ve referenced in our Q4 report.

Q3 2018

Over the past quarter, we’ve registered one accident or crash-like event for every 3.34 million miles driven in which drivers had Autopilot engaged. For those driving without Autopilot but with our active safety features, we registered one accident or crash-like event for every 1.92 million miles driven. For those driving without Autopilot and without our active safety features, we registered one accident or crash-like event for every 2.02 million miles driven. By comparison, NHTSA’s most recent data shows that in the United States there is an automobile crash every 492,000 miles.

Vehicle Fire Data

2020

From 2012 – 2020, there has been approximately one Tesla vehicle fire for every 205 million miles traveled. By comparison, data from the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) and U.S. Department of Transportation shows that in the United States there is a vehicle fire for every 19 million miles traveled.

In order to provide an apt comparison to NFPA data, Tesla’s data set includes instances of vehicle fires caused by structure fires, arson, and other things unrelated to the vehicle, which account for some of the Tesla vehicle fires over this time period.

2019

From 2012 – 2019, there has been approximately one Tesla vehicle fire for every 175 million miles traveled. By comparison, data from the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) and U.S. Department of Transportation shows that in the United States there is a vehicle fire for every 19 million miles traveled.

In order to provide an apt comparison to NFPA data, Tesla’s data set includes instances of vehicle fires caused by structure fires, arson, and other things unrelated to the vehicle, which account for some of the Tesla vehicle fires over this time period.

2018

From 2012 – 2018, there has been approximately one Tesla vehicle fire for every 170 million miles traveled. By comparison, data from the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) and U.S. Department of Transportation shows that in the United States there is a vehicle fire for every 19 million miles traveled.

In order to provide an apt comparison to NFPA data, Tesla’s data set includes instances of vehicle fires caused by structure fires, arson, and other things unrelated to the vehicle, which account for about 15% of Tesla vehicle fires over this time period.


Methodology:
We collect the exact amount of miles traveled by each vehicle with Autopilot active or in manual driving, and do so without identifying specific vehicles to protect privacy. We also receive a crash alert anytime there is a crash that is correlated to the exact vehicle state at the time. This is not from a sampled data set, but rather this is exact summations. To ensure our statistics are conservative, we count any crash in which Autopilot was deactivated within 5 seconds before a crash, and we count all crashes in which the crash alert indicated an airbag or other active restraint deployed. In practice, this correlates to nearly any crash at about 12 mph (20 kph) or above, depending on the crash forces generated. On the other hand, police-reported crashes from government databases are notoriously under-reported, by some estimates as much as 50%, in large part because most fender benders are not investigated. We also do not differentiate based on the type of crash or fault, and in fact, more than 35% of all Autopilot crashes occur when the Tesla vehicle is rear-ended by another vehicle. In this way, we are confident that the statistics we share unquestionably show the benefits of Autopilot.

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