Actuellement, les habitants du monde consomment 20 000 milliards de kWh d'énergie par année.
Cette quantité suffit à subvenir aux besoins énergétiques d'une maison individuelle pendant 1,8 milliard d'années (ou à effectuer 17 millions de lancements d’une fusée Falcon 9) et correspond à la production d’électricité d’une centrale nucléaire pendant 2 300 ans.
De toute la consommation de combustibles fossiles aux États-Unis, un tiers est utilisé dans les transports et un second tiers dans la production d'énergie électrique. Le secteur électrique américain émet à lui seul plus de 2 000 millions de tonnes de CO2, soit l'équivalent de 851 milliards de litres d'essence. Selon l'agence de protection de l'environnement américaine (EPA), il faudrait plus de 6,4 millions de km2 de forêt aux États-Unis pour compenser les effets d'une telle consommation.
Et si nous pouvions affranchir le réseau électrique des énergies fossiles et le convertir aux énergies renouvelables?
Quand nous pourrons utiliser une électricité d’origine renouvelable pour notre consommation, les sources d’énergie les plus polluantes disparaîtront. Le réseau électrique sera à la fois plus propre, plus fiable et plus flexible.
Today, Tesla introduces Tesla Energy, a suite of batteries for homes, businesses, and utilities fostering a clean energy ecosystem and helping wean the world off fossil fuels.
Tesla n'est pas seulement un constructeur automobile, c'est aussi une entreprise innovante du secteur énergétique. Tesla Energy marque une avancée majeure dans le développement de la production d’électricité sans émissions.
Tesla Energy permet à Tesla de décupler ses efforts pour offrir une solution pertinente aux énergies fossiles. Grâce aux batteries Tesla, particuliers, entreprises et acteurs du marché de l’électricité peuvent stocker une énergie produite de façon renouvelable. Elles permettent également de gérer facilement la demande, d’assurer une source d’appoint en cas de besoin et d’améliorer la fiabilité du réseau.
Tesla travaille déjà avec des acteurs du marché de l’électricité et d'autres partenaires du secteur des énergies renouvelables partout dans le monde pour déployer des unités de stockage et ainsi améliorer la fiabilité et la stabilité du réseau.
Tesla Powerwall is a rechargeable lithium-ion battery designed to store energy at a residential level for self-consumption of solar power generation, emergency backup power, load shifting and other applications. Powerwall consists of Tesla’s lithium-ion battery pack, liquid thermal control system and software that receives dispatch commands from a solar inverter. The unit mounts seamlessly on a wall and is integrated with the local grid to harness excess power and give customers the flexibility to draw energy from their own reserve.
The battery can provide a number of different beneﬁts to the customer including:
- Increasing self-consumption of solar power generation – The Powerwall can store surplus solar energy not used at the time it is generated and use that energy later when the sun is not shining. This functionality can extend the environmental and cost benefits of solar.
- Load shifting – The battery can provide ﬁnancial savings to its owner by charging during low rate periods when demand for electricity is lower and discharging during more expensive rate periods when electricity demand is higher.
- Back-up power – Assures power in the event of an outage.
- Installation : mur intérieur/extérieur
- Onduleur : compatible un nombre croissant d'onduleurs
- Énergie: 6,4 kWh
- Power: 3.3 kW
- Round Trip DC Efficiency: >92%
- Operating Temperature Range: -20C (-4F) to 43C (110F)
- Garantie : 10 ans
- Dimensions : H : 1 300 mm L : 860 mm P : 180 mm
Highlighted Powerwall Distribution Partners
TreeHouse, a sustainable home improvement store, is collaborating with Tesla to sell Powerwall. “For the first time, running your home on a battery will be affordable and easy,” says TreeHouse co-founder and president Jason Ballard. “I think in the near future, having a battery in your home will be as normal as having a water heater or a dishwasher.” Ballard added, “This just takes us one step closer to being able to power homes completely without the use of fossil fuels.”
Fronius and Tesla have partnered on a global level to offer Powerwall in combination with the Fronius Symo Hybrid inverter as a seamless solution for residential PV systems. For new PV installations, homeowners can use the Fronius inverter to operate both the PV and Powerwall, which reduces the overall system cost. For homeowners that already have solar PV, the Fronius inverter can be added to the system (AC coupled) or replace the existing inverter (DC coupled), and the Fronius solution will function with any type of solar energy system. This makes the Fronius plus Tesla solution a highly flexible solution across the globe.
Fronius is a leading inverter manufacturer in the global market, with nearly 1 million inverters installed worldwide. Fronius is known for both innovation and high quality, with 1,008 active patents and 23 years of solar experience. Its products are exported through 22 international Fronius subsidiaries and sales partners/representatives in over 60 countries. The company is a multi-industry leader in the fields of energy storage, battery charging, and welding technology. Fronius and Tesla are pleased to expand a current successful relationship into the realm of energy storage.
SolarEdge, a leader in the global PV inverter market, and Tesla partnered for the joint development of a PV storage and backup power solution for the worldwide residential solar market. Building on SolarEdge’s proven DC optimized inverter proven and Tesla's leading automotive-grade battery technology, the solution will require only a single SolarEdge inverter to manage both PV and storage functions. The system is designed for efficient, outdoor installation and includes remote monitoring and troubleshooting to keep operations and maintenance costs low.
Founded in 2006, SolarEdge provides an intelligent inverter solution that has changed the way power is harvested and managed in solar photovoltaic systems. The SolarEdge DC optimized inverter system maximizes power generation at the individual PV module-level while lowering the cost of energy produced by the solar PV system. Since beginning commercial shipments in 2010, SolarEdge has shipped more than 1.3 Gigawatt (‘‘GW’’) of its DC optimized inverter systems, including over 220,000 inverters, its products have been installed in PV systems in more than 73 countries, and more than 100,000 systems are monitored in its cloud-based monitoring portal.
Green Mountain Power
At Green Mountain Power we are thrilled to bring Tesla’s innovative home battery storage to Vermont as part of a radical transformation of how energy is generated and used to empower customers to save money and increase reliability and resiliency. As Vermont’s energy company of the future, we are turning the old utility model on its head, and offering products and services to help Vermonters use less energy and one day rely on the grid as a backup system. GMP is focused on a future that moves away from dirty inefficient sources of energy to a clean, sustainable and cost effective energy future. Powerwall will speed up the pace of change and keep Vermont on the cutting edge of innovation.”
Tesla Energy for Businesses
Based on the powertrain architecture and components of Tesla electric vehicles, Tesla energy storage systems deliver broad application compatibility and streamlined installation by integrating batteries, power electronics, thermal management and controls into a turn key system.
Tesla’s energy storage allows businesses to capture the full potential of their facility’s solar arrays by storing excess generation for later use and delivering solar power at all times. Tesla Energy for Businesses anticipates and discharges stored power during a facility’s times of highest usage, reducing the demand charge component of the energy bills.
Energy storage for business is designed to:
- Maximize consumption of on-site clean power
- Avoid peak demand charges
- Buy electricity when it’s cheapest
- Get paid by utility or intermediate service providers for participating in grid services
- Back up critical business operations in the event of a power outage
Highlighted Tesla Energy Businesses
Launched in 2006, Amazon Web Services (AWS) offers a robust, fully featured technology infrastructure platform in the cloud comprised of a broad set of compute, storage, database, analytics, application, and deployment services from data center locations in the U.S., Australia, Brazil, China, Germany, Ireland, Japan, and Singapore. More than a million customers, including fast-growing startups, large enterprises, and government agencies across 190 countries, rely on AWS services to innovate quickly, lower IT costs, and scale applications globally. To serve these customers, AWS is committed to operating in the most environmentally friendly way possible. In addition to the environmental benefits inherently associated with running applications in the cloud, AWS has a long-term commitment to achieve 100% renewable energy usage for its global infrastructure footprint. Today, three AWS Regions are 100% carbon-neutral, including US West (Oregon), EU (Frankfurt), and AWS GovCloud (US).
« Dans la dernière année, nous avons travaillé main dans la main avec Tesla pour tirer parti des applications innovantes des batteries haute capacité et de leurs applications dans les centres de données. Notre but : réduire les dernières barrières techniques qui nous séparent d'un réseau à énergie totalement renouvelable », explique James Hamilton, un éminent ingénieur de AWS. « Ces batteries jouent un rôle central dans l'utilisation d'énergies renouvelables et dans la fiabilité de nos centres de données. Elles nous permettent de faire coïncider les productions d'énergies intermittentes comme l'éolien avec notre demande constante en énergie. Nous sommes plus qu'enthousiastes à l'idée de pouvoir déployer un projet pilote de 4,8 mégawattheures à partir de batteries Tesla dans notre site de l'ouest des États-Unis (Californie de Nord). C'est un atout majeur dans notre stratégie de déploiement d'un réseau entièrement renouvelable au sein de toutes nos infrastructures. »
David Hughes, l’un des dirigeants du groupe de supermarchés américains Target et responsable énergétique de l'enseigne, explique ce qui suit : « Dans le cadre de l'engagement de Target auprès de la collectivité, nous sommes heureux de collaborer avec Tesla pour notre stratégie énergétique en utilisant ses systèmes de stockage dans plusieurs magasins pilotes. Cette technologie de pointe offre des avantages uniques, essentiellement en réduisant la demande sur le réseau électrique pendant les heures de pointe. Cela nous a poussé à poursuivre nos investissements dans la création et l'installation de locaux à énergie durable et à haut rendement énergétique. »
Jackson Family Wines
Jackson Family Wines (JFW) is a collection of premium and luxury wineries best known for its acclaimed Kendall-Jackson Winery. Sustainability is intentional at JFW; we have taken a two-fold approach to energy management at our wineries by improving operational efficiency across all levels of our organization and reinvesting those savings in onsite renewable energy systems.
With Tesla’s stationary energy storage solution, JFW can significantly mitigate energy use around four areas that account for the most consumption in our winemaking process: refrigeration/cooling, lighting, compressed air and process water treatment. Each battery pack will draw electricity from the grid or our onsite solar arrays during times of low demand and store it for later use to smooth out energy spikes.
EnerNOC’s energy intelligence software helps customers make the most of Tesla’s energy storage systems by integrating them into an overall energy management strategy. EnerNOC’s software easily integrates with any site that has a Tesla energy storage system, optimizing battery usage during high price periods and enabling customers to utilize batteries for demand charge management and demand response.
Tesla Energy for Utilities
For utility scale systems, 100kWh battery blocks are grouped to scale from 500kWh to 10MWh+. These systems are capable of 2hr or 4hr continuous net discharge power using grid tied bi-directional inverters.
Systems support applications including peak shaving, load shifting and demand response for commercial customers while offering, renewable firming and a variety of grid services at utility scales.
Tesla Energy for Utilities is designed to:
- Firm up renewable generation by reconciling the intermittency of power from these sources and storing excess capacity to dispatch when it’s needed.
- Increase resource capacity. Tesla Energy for Utilities acts as on-demand distributed power generation, contributing to the overall generating capacity while adding resiliency to the grid.
- Ramp Control. Tesla Energy for Utilities can act as a buffer while the power output from a large generation source is ramping up or down, delivering power instantly to smoothly transition output to the required level.
- Improve power quality by preventing fluctuations from propagating to downstream loads.
- Defer costly and time-consuming infrastructure upgrades.
- Manage peak demand by deploying power within seconds or milliseconds.
Highlighted Tesla Energy Utility Projects
Advanced Microgrid Solutions (grid resource adequacy)
“Tesla’s bold approach to advancing battery technology will change the way we build our cities forever” -Susan Kennedy, co-founder and CEO of Advanced Microgrid Solutions.
Oncor realizes the electric industry is changing as well as our customers’ needs for electric service. Oncor believes the only way to prepare for customers’ future needs is with a flexible, adaptive electric grid which can only be accomplished through the use of technology like advanced meters, smart grid and electric storage. Tesla has long demonstrated its ability to be a technology leader which is why Oncor has looked to Tesla for grid-scale storage. Oncor looks forward to working with Tesla to make sure the electric grid meets all customers’ future needs.
Southern California Edison
Edison International is proud of its efforts to help create a market for battery storage systems and its work with Tesla to bring this technology to customers. Southern California Edison (SCE), the regulated utility subsidiary of Edison International, has developed the nation’s largest battery storage system and has contracts in place for an additional 264 megawatts of storage, including projects using Tesla batteries. SCE is working with Tesla on three demonstration projects that can help drive down the cost of battery storage systems for residential and business customers, as well as EV drivers. These demand response demonstration projects will test communication capabilities and explore rebates to customers who allow SCE to manage their battery charging in order to increase the use of renewable energy while ensuring continued grid reliability.
SoCore Energy, a subsidiary of Edison Energy, which is Edison International’s portfolio of competitive businesses and equity interests in emerging companies, is working with a client to design and install Tesla batteries at two of their retail properties in Southern California. The sites will feature Tesla battery units that will be charged with electricity from the grid during nonpeak hours at night. The two battery systems will be able to store up to 400 kilowatts and 600 kilowatts, respectively. SoCore Energy is working with its client to identify additional locations for potential battery installations. SoCore Energy is not the same company as Southern California Edison, the utility, and SoCore Energy is not regulated by the California Public Utilities Commission.
AES (solar paired at a utility level)
Tesla Motors' commitment to battery production will help meet the growing demand for energy storage; as a launch partner, we are particularly pleased to leverage the home battery product across our distributed energy platforms. AES has been providing grid-scale energy storage solutions for seven years, building on more than 30 years of experience serving utilities with power solutions that improve lives.The AES Advancion™ digital control system for energy storage manages best-in-class batteries and other components for both centralized and distributed storage systems. In addition, AES’ world-class capability in engineering, installation and operations and maintenance enable turnkey energy storage solutions from KWs to hundreds of MW for utilities and end customers.