Subsystems

Motor Type(s)

Rear motor: AC permanent magnet synchronous motor, liquid-cooled, with variable frequency drive.

Front motor (AWD vehicles): AC induction motor, liquid-cooled, with variable frequency drive.

Transmission

Type Single speed fixed gear
Gearbox Ratio 9:1

Steering

Steering Specifications
Type Rack and pinion with electronic power steering, speed sensitive
Number of turns lock to lock 2.00
Turning Circle (curb to curb) 12.13 meters

Brakes

Type 4-wheel anti-lock braking system (ABS) with Electronic Brake Force Distribution, Integrated Advanced Stability Control and Electronic Accelerator pedal actuated regenerative braking system
Calipers

Front: Four piston fixed
Rear: Integrated Electronic Parking Brake Sliding

Rotor Diameter (ventilated)

Front (non-Performance): 14.0"/355 mm
Front (Performance): 14.0"/355 mm
Rear (non-Performance): 13.2"/335 mm
Rear (Performance): 13.2”/335 mm

Front Rotor thickness

New (non-performance): 0.98"/25 mm
New (performance): 1.06" / 27 mm
Service limit (non-performance): 0.91”/23 mm
Service limit (performance): 0.98" / 25 mm

Rear Rotor thickness

New (non-performance): 0.79"/20 mm
New (performance): 0.87" / 22 mm
Service limit (non-performance): 0.71”/18 mm
Service limit (performance): 0.79" / 20 mm

Lateral runout

0.050 mm

Chordal runout

0.040 mm

Disk thickness variation (DTV)

0.010 mm

Front Brake Pad Thickness (excluding back plate)

New: 0.393"/10 mm
Service limit: 0.085"/2.15 mm

Rear Brake Pad Thickness (excluding back plate)

New: 0.354"/9 mm
Service limit: 0.078"/2 mm

Performance Front Brake Pad Thickness (excluding back plate) New: 0.393"/10 mm Service limit: 0.085"/2.15 mm
Performance Rear Brake Pad Thickness (excluding back plate) New: 0.354"/ 9 mm Service limit: 0.071"/1.8 mm
Parking brake Electrically actuated parking brake integrated into rear caliper

Suspension

Suspension Specifications
Front Independent, double wishbone, coil spring/telescopic damper, sway bar
Rear Independent, multi-link, coil spring/telescopic damper

Battery - Low Voltage

Battery - Low Voltage Specifications
Rating 33 amp hour or higher
Voltage and Polarity Low voltage negative (-) ground

Battery - High Voltage

Type Liquid-cooled lithium ion (Li-ion)
Nominal Voltage 360 V DC
Temperature Range Do not expose Model Y to ambient temperatures above 60° C or below -30° C for more than 24 hours at a time.