Tesla cars travel some of the longest driving ranges of any other production electric vehicle on the market. It is natural for estimated range to change, particularly over time or with a recent change in temperature. Read more about the range and efficiency of your Tesla.
- What is Range?
- Use the Energy App
- Your Driving Style and Environmental Conditions
- Cold Weather Driving
- Your Charging Habits
- Frequently Asked Questions
What is Range?
Range is the distance your Tesla can travel on a single charge. For battery-powered cars, you can also think of range as the amount of energy your battery has stored at a given point in time. Tesla drivers can choose to display range as either a percentage remaining or an EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) rated mileage.
Displayed range in your Tesla is adapted based on fixed EPA test data, not your personal driving patterns. It’s natural for this to fluctuate due to the nature of battery technology and how the onboard computer calculates range.
Your Tesla’s actual range depends on many factors, particularly your environment and personal driving habits. The best way to monitor your personal range is with the Energy app, located on your Tesla’s touchscreen.
Use the Energy App
The Energy app is designed to help you maximize efficiency and range. As you drive, it analyzes your driving patterns and uses the data to project personalized range estimates. It can also leverage this insight to forecast charging needs for a given trip. To access your Energy app, open the apps menu on your car's touchscreen and select the Energy icon.
Your Driving Style and Environmental Conditions
Your driving behaviors and environment play a big role in achievable range. Frequent stop-and-go driving, inclement weather and uphill driving put a natural strain on the battery. To maximize range, it’s important to watch your driving speed and enable regenerative braking when possible.
As you drive, be mindful of common reasons your range may decrease more rapidly:
- High driving speeds
- Stop-and-go driving
- Short trips
- Uphill travel
- Inclement weather such as rain, snow and headwinds
Cold Weather Driving
When temperature drops, range can decrease due to extra energy demands on the battery. Cold batteries use more energy to maintain optimal operating temperature. Cold weather also limits regenerative braking capability. Though some range effects aren’t completely avoidable in cold temperatures, there are some ways to mitigate them.
- Keep your Tesla plugged in whenever possible. This will help the battery retain some heat. The onboard computer will automatically prevent over-charging.
- Precondition the battery before turning on your Tesla. When possible, plug in and charge while you precondition.
- Limit high use of heat and air conditioning. Instead, use seat heaters to keep cabin climate at optimal temperature.
If you expect to drive in low temperatures, follow these winter driving tips.
Your Charging Habits
Charging habits include how often you charge, what voltage charger is used and how long the car stays plugged in. These can all have a direct impact on range depletion. Adopting healthy charging habits can also help improve range.
- Maintain a regular, every-day charging routine using a low-voltage charger. It’s best to rely on high-voltage charging (i.e. Supercharging) only when necessary.
- Whenever possible, don’t let the battery go above 90% or below 20%.
- Set your regenerative braking to “Standard” to maximize energy you get back while decelerating.
- When possible, store your Tesla somewhere with warmer temperatures.
Note: Regenerative braking is limited when driving a battery that is very cold or charged above 90%. This reduces the amount of energy that can be transferred back into your battery.
Additional Range Tips
In addition to what’s been covered, here are a few extra ways to drive more efficiently and conserve range.
- Maintain your vehicle's tire pressures. Inflation recommendations are listed inside the drivers-side door jamb.
- Remove unnecessary cargo to lighten your load – more weight requires more energy to move the vehicle.
- Remove roof racks or rear racks when they are not in use.
- Reduce aerodynamic drag. Fully raise all windows and change air suspension (if equipped) to “Low” or “Very Low” when driving at highway speeds. For Model 3 cars with aero wheels, install aero wheel covers.
Frequently Asked Questions
Why is my displayed estimated range decreasing faster than miles driven?
Displayed range is based on regulating agency certification (EPA) and is not adapted based on driving pattern. Your driving behaviors and environmental conditions can impact your car's efficiency, and therefore its range. To see estimated range based on personalized energy consumption, open the Energy app.
After charging is completed, why is the estimated range less than expected?
It is normal for estimated range to decrease slightly over the first few months before leveling off. Over time, you may see a gradual, but natural, decrease in range at full charge – this depends on factors such as Supercharging regularly or the mileage and age of the battery. Your Tesla will inform you in the unlikely event a hardware issue is causing excessive battery or range degradation.
Why does estimated range decrease overnight while my car is off?
It is expected for a Tesla car to consume around 1% of charge per day while parked. In some cases, you may notice that consumption is higher. We recommend deactivating features such as preconditioning, Sentry Mode, Keep Climate On and any aftermarket equipment when not needed.
Note: Aftermarket equipment connected to the 12V system and/or third party mobile applications which collect data about your vehicle can decrease range while parked and reduce the battery lifespan. Tesla does not recommend using aftermarket equipment, and any damage to your vehicle's hardware or software resulting from unauthorized access to vehicle data through non-Tesla parts or accessories is not covered by warranty.
What is Range Mode?
In Model S and Model X, Range Mode helps conserve energy by limiting the power of the climate control system.
Does outside temperature impact range?
Yes. Range can be impacted by extreme cold or hot temperatures; however, the impact will seem far more noticeable in cold weather. Tesla high voltage batteries are regulated to keep the battery temperature within optimal boundaries. Even if the vehicle is not being operated, the high voltage battery temperature is monitored and regulated to prolong its lifespan and performance – this is why you may notice the compressor running even while parked. If you're driving in low temperatures, follow these winter driving tips.