Find detailed information about Tesla vehicles and technology
Link to press kit here.
The Tesla Semi will deliver a far better experience for truck drivers, while increasing safety and significantly reducing the cost of cargo transport.
Without a trailer, the Tesla Semi achieves 0-60 mph in five seconds, compared to 15 seconds in a comparable diesel truck. It does 0-60 mph in 20 seconds with a full 80,000-pound load, a task that takes a diesel truck about a minute. Most notably for truck drivers and other travelers on the road, it climbs 5% grades at a steady 65 mph, whereas a diesel truck maxes out at 45 mph on a 5% grade. The Tesla Semi requires no shifting or clutching for smooth acceleration and deceleration, and its regenerative braking recovers 98% of kinetic energy to the battery, giving it a basically infinite brake life. Overall, the Semi is more responsive, covers more miles than a diesel truck in the same amount of time, and more safely integrates with passenger car traffic.
Unlike other trucks, the Semi’s cabin is designed specifically around the driver, featuring unobstructed stairs for easier entry and exit, full standing room inside, and a centered driver position for optimal visibility. Two touchscreen displays positioned symmetrically on both sides of the driver provide easy access to navigation, blind spot monitoring and electronic data logging. Built-in connectivity integrates directly with a fleet’s management system to support routing and scheduling, and remote monitoring. Diesel trucks today currently require several third party devices for similar functionality.
Megachargers, a new high-speed DC charging solution, will add about 400 miles in 30 minutes and can be installed at origin or destination points and along heavily trafficked routes, enabling recharging during loading, unloading, and driver breaks.
The Tesla Semi’s all-electric architecture is designed to have a higher safety standard than any other heavy-duty truck on the market, with a reinforced battery that shields the Semi from impact and gives it an exceptionally low center of gravity. Its windshield is made of impact resistant glass. Jackknifing is prevented due to the Semi's onboard sensors that detect instability and react with positive or negative torque to each wheel while independently actuating all brakes. The surround cameras aid object detection and minimize blind spots, automatically alerting the driver to safety hazards and obstacles. With Enhanced Autopilot, the Tesla Semi features Automatic Emergency Braking, Automatic Lane Keeping, Lane Departure Warning, and event recording.
Tesla Semi can also travel in a convoy, where one or several Semi trucks will be able to autonomously follow a lead Semi.
With far fewer moving parts than a diesel truck – no engine, transmission, after-treatment system or differentials to upkeep – the Tesla Semi requires significantly less maintenance. Its battery is similar in composition to the batteries of Tesla energy products and is designed to support repeated charging cycles for over a million miles, while its motors are derived from the motors used in Model 3 and have been validated to last more than one million miles under the most demanding conditions.
Lowest Cost of Ownership
All-in, the Tesla Semi delivers massive savings in energy costs, performance, efficiency and reliability.
The biggest immediate cost-advantage comes from savings in energy costs: fully loaded, the Tesla Semi consumes less than two kilowatt-hours of energy per mile and is capable of 500 miles of range at GVW and highway speed, accommodating a wide range of shipping applications given that nearly 80% of freight in the U.S. is moved less than 250 miles. Coupled with the low and stable nature of electricity prices – which average $0.12/kWh in the U.S. and can be significantly less for commercial and industrial users, falling to almost nothing when combined with local solar generation and storage – owners can expect to gain $200,000 or more in savings over a million miles based on fuel costs alone.
Reservations for the Tesla Semi can be made for $20,000 USD per truck. Production in 2019.
Model 3 is a smaller, simpler and a more affordable electric car. Designed and built as the world’s first mass-market electric vehicle, it is a critical step in Tesla’s mission to accelerate the world’s transition to sustainable energy.
Like every Tesla vehicle, Model 3 combines range, performance, safety and technology. Intelligent design maximizes interior space to comfortably fit five adults and all of their gear. The high-efficiency powertrain provides zero to 60 mph acceleration in as little as 5.1 seconds.
Model 3 is designed to achieve the highest safety ratings in every category. Combined with 220* to 310 miles of range and a starting price of $35,000 before incentives, Model 3 is Tesla’s most affordable vehicle yet.
Model 3 is currently in production, and deliveries to employee reservation holders began on July 28, 2017 at the Tesla Factory in Fremont, CA. Reservations for Model 3 first opened on March 31, 2016 and remain available today.
* EPA estimated range
Price - $35,000
- Range: 220 miles (EPA estimated)
- Supercharging rate: 130 miles of range per 30 minutes
- Home charging rate: 30 miles of range per hour (240V outlet, 32A)
- Deliveries begin: Early 2018
- 0-60 mph: 5.6 seconds
- Top speed: 130 mph
- 15” touchscreen display
- Dual zone climate control system
- FM/Internet streaming radio
- Textile seating
- Front center console with open storage and two USB ports
- Onboard maps and navigation
- Wi-Fi and LTE internet connectivity
- Keyless entry and remote climate control using the Tesla app
- Voice activated controls
- Bluetooth hands-free calling and media streaming
- 60/40 split folding rear seat to maximize cargo options
- Back-up camera
- Auto dimming rear-view mirror
- One-touch power windows throughout
- Power-adjustable side mirrors
- 12-volt power outlet
- Full LED exterior lighting
- Eight cameras, forward radar and twelve ultrasonic sensors enabling active safety technologies including collision avoidance and automatic emergency braking
- Six front row and two side curtain airbags
- Three-point safety belts with belt-reminders for driver and four passengers
- Two LATCH (Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children) attachments in second row
- Electronic stability and traction control
- Four-wheel antilock disc brakes with electronic parking brake
- Child safety locks
- Anti-theft alarm system
- Tire pressure monitoring system
- Vehicle: 4 year, 50,000 mile limited warranty
- Battery warranty: 8 year, 100,000 mile (120,000 mile with Long Range Battery)
Long Range Battery - $9,000
- Range: 310 miles
- Supercharging rate: 170 miles of range per 30 minutes
- Home charging rate: 37 miles of range per hour (240V outlet, 40A)
- 0-60 mph: 5.1 seconds
- Top speed: 140 mph
- Deliveries begin: July 2017
- Solid Black: Standard
- Midnight Silver Metallic: $1,000
- Deep Blue Metallic: $1,000
- Silver Metallic: $1,000
- Pearl White Multi-Coat: $1,000
- Red Multi-Coat: $1,000
- 18” Aero: Standard
- 19” Sport: $1,500
Premium Upgrades Package - $5,000
Upgraded interior with additional features and premium materials.
- Premium heated seating and cabin materials throughout, including open pore wood décor and two rear USBs
- 12-way, power adjustable front seats, steering column and side mirrors, with custom driver profiles
- Premium audio system with more power, tweeters, surround speakers and subwoofer
- Tinted glass roof with ultraviolet and infrared protection
- Auto dimming, power folding, heated side mirrors
- LED fog lamps
- Center console with covered storage and docking for two smartphones
Enhanced Autopilot - $5,000
Model 3 will match speed to traffic conditions, keep within a lane, automatically change lanes, transition from one freeway to another, exit the freeway and self-park at your destination.
Additional features will roll out over time through software updates.
Full Self-Driving Capability - $3,000 (requires Enhanced Autopilot)
In the future, Model 3 will be capable of conducting trips with no action required by the person in the driver’s seat.
This feature is dependent upon extensive software validation and regulatory approval, which may vary by jurisdiction.
Dimensions & Weight
- Length: 184.8”
- Width: 82.2” (76.1” with mirrors folded)
- Height: 56.8”
- Wheelbase: 113.2”
- Track (wheel center): 62.2” front and rear
- Ground clearance: 5.5”
- Head room, standard: 39.6” front row, 37.7” second row
- Head room, glass roof: 40.3” front row, 37.7” second row
- Leg room: 42.7” front row, 35.2” second row
- Shoulder room: 56.3” front row, 54.0” second row
- Hip room: 53.4” front row, 52.4” second row
- Seating capacity: 5 adults
- Luggage capacity: 15 cubic feet
- Curb weight:
- 3549 lbs. (Model 3)
- 3814 lbs. (Model 3 Long Range)
- Weight distribution:
- 47% front, 53% rear (Model 3)
- 48% front, 52% rear (Model 3 Long Range)
- Hybrid steel/aluminum body
- Drag coefficient of 0.23
- Double wishbone, virtual steer axis front suspension with coil over twin-tube shock absorbers and stabilizer bar
- Independent multi-link rear suspension with twin-tube shock absorbers and stabilizer bar
- Variable ratio, speed sensitive electronic power steering
- Electromechanically boosted four wheel anti-lock disc brakes with electronic brake force distribution
- 18” Aero or 19” Sport wheels with all-season tires
- 240 volt NEMA 14-50 adapter
- 120 volt NEMA 5-15 adapter
- J1772 public charging adapter
- 20 foot mobile connector with storage bag
See the full presentation here:
Model S, the first fully electric sedan, is an evolution in automotive engineering. Combining performance, safety, and efficiency, it has reset the world’s expectations for the car of the 21st century with the highest possible safety ratings, the longest range of any electric vehicle, and over-the-air software updates that continuously make it better.
Built on the Tesla platform, the battery’s location on the floor gives Model S an extremely low center of gravity, greatly reducing the risk of rollover while at the same time enhancing handling and performance. Without an engine, Model S has a crumple zone much larger than other performance sedans to absorb the energy of a front end impact.
Model S is one of the safest cars on the road. Much of its safety is owed to the unique electric drivetrain that sits beneath the car. Model S has a low center of gravity, minimizing rollover risk. Model S’s safety record is proven by its NHTSA and Euro NCAP 5-star safety rating along with setting a record of the lowest likelihood of injury to occupants when tested in the United States.
Electric All Wheel Drive
With two motors, one in the front and one in the rear, Model S digitally and independently controls torque to the front and rear wheels. The result is unparalleled traction control in all conditions. Unlike conventional all-wheel drive vehicles that sacrifice fuel efficiency for increased traction, Tesla’s Electric All Wheel Drive system increases efficiency.
Reaching 0-60 mph in a mere 2.8 seconds, Model S is the quickest four-door sedan ever built.
Superior handling is the result of an extremely low center of gravity, thanks to the battery pack along the floor pan, centered between the axles. No other production car has a more ideal placement of mass for optimal handling.
Without an internal combustion engine, Model S allows for additional cargo space and offers a spacious cabin fitting five adults and two children (rear-facing jump seats).
The 17” center touchscreen seamlessly integrates media, navigation, communications, cabin control and vehicle data into one intuitive interface. Many functions are mirrored on the instrument panel and are voice-activated to focus the driver’s attention on the road.
Model S allows you to travel anywhere without using a drop of gasoline. The EPA rates the efficiency of Model S as equivalent to 90 mpg.
Over-The-Air Software Updates
Over-the-air software updates add functionality, enhance performance, and improve the driving experience of Tesla vehicles. Similarly to how you receive updates to your smartphone, Model S owners receive updates to their car remotely without visiting a service center. The ability to receive these updates is free for the life of the vehicle.
Model S Specs
- Access to Tesla's expanding Supercharger network
- Mobile connector with 110 volt, 240 volt, and J1772 adapters
- 17" capacitive touchscreen
- Onboard maps and navigation with free updates for 7 years
- Automatic keyless entry
- WiFi and Internet connectivity
- Mobile app remote control
- Retracting door handles
- One touch power windows
- High definition backup camera
- GPS enabled Homelink
- Hands free talking with Bluetooth
- Voice activated controls
- AM, FM, and Internet streaming radio
- Available Ultra High Fidelity Sound package with XM radio support
- Auto dimming mirrors
- Power folding, heated side mirrors with memory
- Two USB ports for media and power
- 12 volt power outlet
- Twelve way power adjustable, heated front seats with memory and driver profile
- Available subzero weather package with heated rear seats and wiper blade and windshield washer fluid defrosters
- Front trunk (no engine!), rear trunk, and 60/40 folding rear seats with 63.3 cubic feet of storage
- Active safety technologies, including collision avoidance and automatic emergency braking, have begun rolling out through over-the-air updates
- Daytime running lights
- Available Smart Air Suspension for raising and lowering ride height
- Eight airbags for driver and passenger heads, knees, and pelvis plus two side curtain airbags
- Electronic stability and traction control
- Four wheel antilock disc brakes with electronic parking brake
- Three second row LATCH attachments for child seat installations (accommodates three child seats simultaneously: two with LATCH and one with top tether and belt)
Premium Interior and Lighting adds
- Fit and finish refinements, including the use of higher quality materials and ambient lighting
- Power liftgate
- Fog and cornering lights
- Lighted door handles
- Interior accent lighting
- Model S photos
Model X is the safest, quickest and most capable sport utility vehicle in history. It blends performance and utility with unique features including the falcon wing doors, canopy glass, and seven-seat configuration.
Built on the Tesla platform, the battery’s location on the floor gives Model X an extremely low center of gravity, reducing the risk of rollover common in SUVs. Without an engine, Model X has a crumple zone much larger than other SUVs to absorb the energy of a front end impact. Along with standard active safety features, crash tests indicate that Model X will receive a 5-star safety rating in all categories, the first SUV ever to do so.
Falcon Wing Doors
Model X Falcon Wing doors offer unprecedented convenience, entry, and maneuverability. With less space needed to open than the sliding door of a minivan, the double hinged doors make loading a child in the backseat in tight parking spaces simple. Why should the driver ever need to touch the door? Auto presenting doors automatically open and close as the driver approaches or exits Model X.
With a windshield that stretches up and over the two front seats, passengers can experience an open and modern feel with an expansive view ahead.
Three rows of seats, a front and rear trunk, room under the second row seats, side pockets and a blind holster for your iPhone, big or little, there’s a place to store it in Model X.
For even heavier cargo, Model X is the first electric vehicle with a 5,000 lb. towing capacity.
Model X is the world’s cleanest SUV on the inside. With a HEPA filter system, medical-grade air can fill the cabin, no matter what is going on outside.
There are three modes: circulate with outside air, re-circulate inside air and a bioweapon defense mode that creates positive pressure inside the cabin to protect occupants.
Agility, Speed and Aerodynamics
Model X hits 0-60 mph in a staggering 3.2 seconds getting to a top speed of 155 mph, all while producing zero emissions. With an active spoiler that automatically adjusts for maximum efficiency, Model X has the lowest drag coefficient of any SUV.
Model X Specs
- Regular over-the-air updates add safety and navigation features, enhance performance and improve the driver experience
- Access to Tesla's expanding Supercharger network
- Maps and navigation with real time traffic information
- GPS enabled Homelink
- Active safety technologies, including collision avoidance and automatic emergency braking, have begun rolling out through over-the-air updates
- Electric All-Wheel Drive for maximum efficiency and traction
- Parking sensors and blind spot warning
- Full LED headlamps
- Power-folding, heated side mirrors
- Up to four LATCH child seat attachments
- Largest glass panoramic windshield in production, providing unparalleled views
- Falcon Wing doors allow easy access to second and third row seats, even from tight parking spaces
- Automatic keyless entry
- Automatic rear liftgate
- Largest interior storage capacity of its class: 77 cubic feet in the six seat interior configuration
- Front trunk with room for luggage, strollers or two golf bags
- 8 year, infinite mile battery and drive unit warranty
- 4 year, 50,000 mile limited warranty
Tesla Autopilot is an increasingly capable suite of safety and convenience features that make personal transportation safer and more enjoyable. Since September 2014, Autopilot hardware has come standard in all Tesla vehicles, and Tesla has continued to refine and enhance the Autopilot system since its features were first enabled in cars in October 2015 via over-the-air software updates. Data shows that, when used properly, drivers supported by Autopilot are safer than those operating without assistance. Eventually, full autonomy will enable a Tesla to be substantially safer than a human driver.
In its current form, Autopilot is an advanced driver assistance system (ADAS) that classifies as a Level 2 automated system by the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration (NHTSA). It is designed as a hands-on experience to give drivers more confidence behind the wheel, increase their safety on the road, and make highway driving more enjoyable by reducing the driver’s workload.
Autopilot’s safety and convenience capabilities are designed to be additive to the driver’s by augmenting their perception, improving their decision making, and assisting in their control of the vehicle. Its user interface has been carefully designed to encourage proper use and to give drivers intuitive access to the information the car is using to inform its actions, via a detailed visual display on the instrument panel and clear audible cues. As Autopilot technology continues to be developed, more advanced functionality will be made available to Tesla owners over time nearing full self-driving capabilities; however, until truly driverless cars are developed and approved by regulators, the driver is responsible for and must remain in control of their car at all times.
Today, Model S and Model X owners enjoy features like Autosteer, Auto Lane Change, Autopark and Summon, and Tesla is continuously innovating to keep customers at the forefront of technology through over-the-air software updates.
New Autopilot Hardware
In October 2016, Tesla announced that all vehicles in production, as well as the forthcoming Model 3, will be built with an updated hardware suite, equipping each Tesla with the hardware needed for full self-driving capability at a safety level substantially greater than that of a human driver.
Eight surround cameras provide 360 degree visibility around the car at up to 250 meters of range. Twelve updated ultrasonic sensors complement this vision, allowing for detection of both hard and soft objects at nearly twice the distance of the prior system. A forward-facing radar with enhanced processing provides additional data about the world on a redundant wavelength that is able to see through heavy rain, fog, dust and even the car ahead. To make sense of all of this data, a new onboard computer with over 40 times the computing power of the previous generation runs the new Tesla-developed neural net for vision, sonar and radar processing software. Together, this system provides a view of the world that a driver alone cannot access, seeing in every direction simultaneously and on wavelengths that go far beyond the human senses.
Vehicles equipped with this hardware will continue to become more capable as new safety and convenience features are rolled out over time through over-the-air updates. These updates will significantly advance the driving experience and are available in two options:
- Enhanced Autopilot enables your Tesla to match speed to traffic conditions, keep within a lane, automatically change lanes without requiring driver input, transition from one freeway to another, exit the freeway when your destination is near, self-park when near a parking spot and be summoned to and from your garage. Enhanced Autopilot should still be considered a driver’s assistance feature with the driver responsible for remaining in control of the car at all times.
- Self-Driving, where permitted by regulatory approval, will ultimately take you from home to work and find a parking space for you on its own.
Before activating the features enabled by the new hardware, we will further calibrate the new sensor suite using millions of miles of real-world driving to ensure significant improvements to safety and performance. While this is occurring, Teslas with new hardware will temporarily lack certain features currently available on Teslas with first-generation Autopilot hardware, including some standard safety features such as automatic emergency braking, collision warning, and Autopilot functionality such as lane holding and active cruise control. As these features are robustly validated we will enable them over the air, together with a rapidly expanding set of entirely new features. As always, our over-the-air software updates will keep customers at the forefront of technology and continue to make every Tesla, including those equipped with first-generation Autopilot and earlier cars, more capable over time.
First Generation Autopilot
Autopilot in vehicles built between September 2014 and October 2016 uses a combination of a camera and radar with enhanced processing, 12 ultrasonic sensors and navigation data to steer within a lane, change lanes on prompt, and adjust speed in response to traffic. Autopilot features were first introduced to Tesla owners in October 2015 via a free over-the-air software update, and were found in several independent studies to be the most advanced Level 2 driver assistance features available: Autofil, Car & Driver, The Drive, Motor Trend.
Standard Autopilot features include:
- Autosteer and Traffic-Aware Cruise Control – Autosteer assists the driver on the road by steering within a lane. It relies on Traffic-Aware Cruise Control to maintain the car’s speed in relation to surrounding traffic.
- Auto Lane Change – By engaging the turn signal when Autosteer is engaged, drivers can be assisted in transitioning to an adjacent lane on the right or left side of the car, when it is safe to do so.
- Autopark – When driving at low speeds on urban streets, a “P” will appear on the Instrument Panel when a Tesla detects a parking spot. The Autopark guide will appear on the touchscreen along with the rear camera display, and, once activated, Autopark will begin to maneuver the vehicle into the parking space by controlling vehicle speed, gear changes and steering.
- Summon – With Summon, you can move Model S in and out of a parking space from outside the vehicle using the mobile app or the key.
A critical component of the adoption of electric vehicles is to create a seamless and convenient charging experience wherever customers choose to travel. Tesla owners can enjoy the convenience of plugging in anywhere to charge. Whether it's at home, in the office, or on a long distance road trip, Tesla has you covered.
Charge from home
The most convenient way to charge your Tesla is at home. Model S and Model X provide ample range for daily travel. The majority of owners drive during the day and replenish the balance of remaining charge at night, waking to a full battery in the morning. Imagine never going to a gas station again.
Supercharge on the road
Designed and built by Tesla, Supercharger stations charge Model S and Model X in minutes rather than hours. Superchargers are strategically placed to allow owners to drive from station to station with minimal stops. Stations are located near amenities like roadside diners, cafes, wi-fi hotspots, and shopping centers.
The Supercharger is substantially more powerful than any charging technology to date, providing up to 120 kilowatts of power to replenish a half charge in about 30 minutes.
The Supercharger network covers major routes in North America, Europe, and Asia Pacific. There are more than 3,000 Superchargers worldwide.
Recharge at your destination
The Destination Charging program replicates the convenience Model S and Model X owners are accustomed to at home by providing hotels, restaurants, and resorts with the same connectors our owners often install in their garages. These “wall connectors” add up to 60 miles of range per hour, easily giving Model S and Model X a full charge in a few hours.
To see all of our current locations, visit our Find Us Page here.
The world currently consumes 20 trillion kWh of energy annually.
In 2016, CO2 concentration levels permanently exceeded the alarming 400 parts per million threshold. Many climate scientists believe this level will have a catastrophic impact on the environment. According to NASA, 2016 also had the warmest September in 136 years of modern record-keeping.
Tesla’s mission is to accelerate the world’s transition to sustainable energy – so that we can have a better future.
There are three key components that can help address climate change and have a positive impact on the world: sustainable energy generation, batteries and electric cars. These solutions already exist independently, but when combined, they become even more powerful.
The Tesla and SolarCity solar roof is a complete roof that is beautiful, durable and brings renewable electricity production to any home or business. When Tesla and SolarCity embarked to design and engineer the solar roof together, the goal was to create the most beautiful and efficient roof ever – one that would make homes look better while reducing the cost of electricity.
The solar roof consists of uniquely designed glass tiles that complement the aesthetics of any home, embedded with the highest efficiency photovoltaic cells. It is infinitely customizable for a variety of different home styles, each uniquely engineered so that the photovoltaic cells are invisible. Customers can choose which sections of their roof will contain the hidden solar technology while still having the entire roof look the same. These new roofs will seamlessly and beautifully supply renewable energy to homes, battery storage systems and back into the grid creating savings for owners. When combined with Tesla Powerwall, the solar roof can power an entire home with 100% renewable energy.
The solar roof is offered in four beautiful styles – Textured Glass Tile, Slate Glass Tile, Tuscan Glass Tile, and Smooth Glass Tile – to complement a variety of architectural styles.
Introduced in October 2016, Powerwall 2 is a rechargeable lithium-ion battery designed to enable self-consumption of solar power, emergency backup, load shifting and other grid service applications. It is the second generation of Tesla’s original Powerwall product, which was first introduced to customers in 2015.
Powerwall 2 consists of a 14 kWh lithium-ion battery pack, liquid thermal control system, an integrated inverter and software that intelligently dispatches electricity when it’s needed most. The unit mounts seamlessly on a wall or on the ground, indoors or outdoors, and is integrated with the grid to export excess energy, maximizing the opportunity for economic benefit.
The battery can provide a number of different beneﬁts to the customer including:
- Increasing self-consumption of solar power generation – The Powerwall can store surplus solar energy not used at the time it is generated and use that energy later when the sun isn’t shining. This functionality can extend the environmental and cost benefits of solar.
- Load shifting – The battery can provide economic benefit to its owner and the grid by charging during low rate periods when demand for electricity is lower and discharging during more expensive rate periods when electricity demand is higher.
- Back-up power – Assures power in the event of a grid outage.
Powerpack 2 is offered in two versions, AC and DC, to provide customers with the greatest flexibility whether they are installing new solar, have existing solar, or want to use Powerwall as a standalone product for backup or time of use. Powerwall costs $5,500 (DC Powerwall includes DC/DC converter and AC Powerwall includes DC/AC Tesla integrated inverter.)
Powerwall 2 specs:
- Mounting: Wall or Floor Mounted, Indoor/Outdoor
- Inverter: Fully integrated Tesla inverter
- Usable Capacity: 13.5 kWh
- Power: 5 kW continuous, 7 kW peak
- Round Trip Efficiency: 89% for AC Powerwall, 92% for DC Powerwall
- Operating Temperature Range: –20°C to 50°C (–4°F to 122°F)
- Warranty: 10 years
- Dimensions: 1150 mm x 755 mm x 155 mm (45.3 in x 29.7 in x 6.1 in)
- Weight: 120 kg (265 lbs)
The Tesla Powerpack system delivers broad application compatibility and streamlined installation for businesses and utilities by integrating batteries, power electronics, thermal management and controls into a turnkey solution.
Powerpack 2, Tesla’s second generation Powerpack system, began shipping to customers in September 2016. It features a new energy module and power electronics, providing twice the energy density of the previous Powerpack, and a more seamless integration into multiple levels of the grid. Powerpack 2 is also now matched with a new inverter, designed by Tesla and manufactured at the Gigafactory. This inverter is the lowest cost, highest efficiency and highest power density utility-scale inverter on the market. It also significantly simplifies the installation process of the entire Powerpack system by integrating a number of previously independent components into the inverter itself.
Between one and 20 Powerpacks can be connected per Tesla inverter and systems can easily accommodate multiple inverters, enabling flexible system sizing and design for any project. Scalable from 200 kWh to 100+ MWh, Powerpack 2 is the new standard for commercial and utility scale battery solutions.
Powerpack 2 helps businesses gain greater control, efficiency and reliability across the electric grid by enabling them to:
- Avoid peak demand charges
- Buy electricity when it’s cheapest
- Participate in grid services
- Microgrid or back up for critical business operations in the event of a power outage
- Maximize consumption of on-site renewable power
The StubHub Center
Home of MLS’s LA Galaxy, the StubHub Center recently powered up a 2 MWh (20 Powerpacks) system to help the stadium manage energy costs and reduce its impact on the Southern California power grid. Sports venues put a tremendous strain on the grid during short, powerful energy events. A Powerpack system enables StubHub to store electricity during off-peak times, when the grid is more capable and favors delivering excess electricity, then discharge to the stadium during peak evening hours when the grid is under its heaviest load. This project is the first deployment of battery storage technology at a major U.S. sports venue.
Irvine Ranch Water District
This 7 MW, 3.4 MWh (34 Powerpacks) Tesla Powerpack system represents the largest energy storage integration at any public water agency in the U.S.
Singita Lebombo and Sweni Lodges, Kruger National Park, South Africa
The Kruger National Park is the largest natural sanctuary in South Africa. This iconic protected ecosystem has environmental sustainability at the core of its mission. Now, an offgrid 3.15 MWh Powerpack system (15 Powerpacks) tied to on-site solar panels from SolarAfrica and will ensure that electricity for the lodges is generated locally, efficiently, and sustainably from renewable energy.
For utility scale systems, 200kWh battery blocks are grouped to scale from 500kWh to 100MWh+. These systems are capable of 2hr or 4hr continuous net discharge power using grid tied bi-directional inverters. Powerpack systems support applications including peak shaving, load shifting and demand response for commercial customers while offering renewable firming and a variety of grid services at utility scales. Powerpack enables utilities to:
- Firm up renewable generation by reconciling the intermittency of power from these sources and storing excess capacity to dispatch when it’s needed.
- Increase resource capacity. Powerpack acts as on-demand capacity (either generation or T&D), while adding resiliency to the grid.
- Ramp Control - Powerpack can act as a buffer while the power output from a large generation source is ramping up or down, delivering power instantly to smoothly transition output to the required levels.
- Provide ancillary services such as frequency response.
- Defer costly and time-consuming grid infrastructure upgrades. Powerpacks consume no water and don’t require detailed environmental reviews.
- Manage peak demand by deploying power within seconds or milliseconds.
Highlighted Powerpack Utility Customers:
Aliso Canyon Southern California Edison
Last year’s rupture in the Aliso Canyon natural gas reservoir caused a methane gas spill that displaced more than 8,000 Californians and released an unprecedented 1.6 million pounds of methane into the atmosphere. Los Angeles is still in need of an electric energy solution that ensures reliability during peak times and protects the city from the risk of rolling blackouts. Tesla is providing a 20 MW, 80 MWh Powerpack system at the Southern California Edison substation, which, once complete in 2016, will be the largest lithium ion battery storage project in the world.
This 13MW SolarCity photovoltaic array plus 52MWh Tesla Powerpack system is being built under contract with Kaua’i Island Utility Cooperative (KIUC). The system will store solar energy created during the day and feed it to the grid during the evening hours to help reduce the amount of diesel power generation needed to meet the island’s electricity demand. This is the first time a utility has contracted for a system that stores and releases solar energy after sunset, and will help KIUC meet its goal of using renewable resources to generate half of Kaua‘i’s electricity by the end of 2019.
Vector, New Zealand’s largest energy infrastructure company, is looking at storage of all types, from distributed systems behind the meter using Tesla Powerwall to large scale grid-tied systems using Powerpack. The Glen Innes substation in a residential neighborhood has seen increasing loads in recent years as the neighborhood is growing rapidly. Vector was able to replace the need for expensive and time consuming conventional upgrades to its substation by installing a 1MW/2.3MWh Powerpack system, which is purposed to reduce grid load during high peak times.
Powerpack 2 specs:
- Inverter: Tesla inverter
- Inverter Efficiency: 99%
- Energy: 210 kWh to hundreds of MWh
- Power: 50 kW to 100+ MW
- Round Trip Efficiency (whole system): 89%
- Operating Temperature Range: –30°C to 50°C (–22°F to 122°F)
Tesla + SolarCity
A combined Tesla and SolarCity will be able to offer customers better and more affordable ways to drive clean cars, use battery packs to consume energy more efficiently, and make use of solar energy. A suite of integrated sustainable energy products will add aesthetics and function to households and businesses while reducing cost. What’s more, customers will benefit from just one installation, from one company, for a seamless system that just works.
Tesla already offers batteries and electric cars, and SolarCity already offers sustainable energy generation. Together, Tesla and SolarCity have introduced an integrated system that illustrates what the companies can do together. This system is beautiful, customizable, and offers a smart and simple way for people to live sustainably.
Tesla’s mission is to accelerate the world’s transition to sustainable energy through increasingly affordable electric vehicles and renewable energy generation and storage. At the heart of these products are batteries.
Tesla has seen enormous demand for our energy products and electric vehicles. Today, there are more than 180,000 Tesla vehicles on the road and we’ve delivered more than 300 MWh of energy storage to customers in 18 countries.
With the acceleration of Tesla’s vehicle build plan to 500k cars by 2018, the Gigafactory timeline is also accelerated to prepare cells and packs ahead of vehicle production. By 2018, we plan to produce 35 GWh of lithium-ion battery cells annually, nearly as much as the rest of the entire world’s battery production combined.
We will reduce the cost of lithium-ion batteries through economies of scale and innovative manufacturing, reduction of logistics inefficiency, optimization of co-located processes and reduced overhead.
Gigafactory Facts & Figures
- Total Land Area: 3,200 acres
- Biggest building in the world by footprint at 5.8 million square feet
- The footprint of the completed Gigafactory will equate to about 101 football fields
- Tesla broke ground on June 26, 2014.
- The current structure has a 1.9 million square-foot footprint. Including several levels, the factory currently is about 4.9 million square feet of operational space. This represents ~30 percent of the total finished Gigafactory.
- Once complete, we expect the Gigafactory to be the biggest building in the world.
- The factory is built in phases so that we can begin manufacturing immediately inside the finished portions and more importantly adjust for improved learning as we build additional space.
- The Gigafactory production line is extremely flexible and will allow for production changes inside the factory as battery technology and architecture change over the next decades.
- The Gigafactory will manufacture battery cells, modules, and other components aimed to reduce costs, ensure a stable supply, and expand Tesla’s business accordingly.
- The Gigafactory is producing a Tesla/Panasonic designed and engineered cell called a “2170 cell,” as the diameter is 21mm in x 70mm in height.
- The cell offers the best optimization of performance metrics needed for an EV at the lowest production cost. The size also works well for other large battery packs, such as Tesla Energy Products, Powerwall and Powerpack.
- Production of 2170 cells for qualification started in December 2016 and mass production began on January 4, 2017. The cells coming off the line today will be used in Tesla’s Powerwall 2 and Powerpack 2 energy products.
- Production for Model 3 cells will start in Q2.
- Tesla continues to show an overwhelming commitment to the Nevada workforce, well beyond the state’s requirement that 50 percent of employees be Nevada residents. Nevadans currently average 63 percent of the construction workforce at the Gigafactory and 96 percent of the employee workforce.
- By bringing cell production to the U.S., Tesla will create thousands of more American jobs. In 2017 alone, Tesla and Panasonic will hire several thousand local employees.
- At peak production, the Gigafactory will employ 6,500 people (targeted for 2018) and eventually as many as 10,000 employees. Indirectly, the Gigafactory will create between 20,000 to 30,000 additional jobs in the surrounding regions.
Energy use and recycling
- The Gigafactory is designed to be a net zero energy factory upon completion. It will not consume any fossil fuels – there is no natural gas piped to the site nor are there permanent diesel generators being used to provide power. Emergency backup is fed from various electric sources including renewable energy and storage products.
- The Gigafactory’s electricity will, in part, come from solar. The entire roof of the factory will be covered in solar array. Power not consumed during the day will be stored via Tesla Powerpacks for use when needed.
- To use water efficiently, the Gigafactory will have its own water recycling and treatment facility. The Gigafactory’s closed-loop water supply system uses numerous different treatment systems to efficiently re-circulate water.
- Construction is underway for an on-site recycling facility that will safely reprocess all types of Tesla battery cells, modules, and packs for reuse in new cells or non-toxic solid waste by-product. They will eventually be returned to the Gigafactory at the end of their lifecycle, where components can be broken down and recycled to be used in new energy products.