Getting Maximum Range

Factors Affecting Energy Consumption

While driving:

  • Elevated driving speed.
  • Environmental conditions such as cold or hot weather and wind.
  • Using climate controls to heat or cool the cabin.
  • Uphill travel: Driving uphill requires more energy and depletes range at a faster rate. However, driving downhill allows your vehicle to regain a portion of its expended energy through regenerative braking (see Regenerative Braking).
  • Short trips or stop-and-go traffic: It takes energy to bring the cabin and Battery to a specified temperature when starting the vehicle. You may see a higher average consumption when the vehicle is used for very short trips or in heavy traffic.
  • Heavy cargo load.
  • Windows rolled down.
  • Wheels and tires not maintained.
  • Customized settings or third-party accessories (roof or trunk racks, third party wheels).

While parked and not plugged in to a charger:

  • Preconditioning the cabin or using climate controls.
  • Summon.
  • Vehicle infotainment and climate controls system.
  • Sentry mode.
  • Tesla or third-party mobile app requests.

Tips to Maximize Range

You can maximize your driving range using the same driving habits you use to conserve fuel in a gasoline-powered vehicle. To achieve maximum range:

  • Slow down your driving and avoid frequent and rapid acceleration. Consider using Chill Mode (touch Controls > Pedals & Steering > Acceleration).
  • If safe to do so, modulate the accelerator pedal instead of using the brake pedal when gradually slowing down. Whenever Model S is moving and you are not pressing the accelerator pedal, regenerative braking slows down the vehicle and feeds surplus energy back to the Battery (see Regenerative Braking).
  • Limit the use of resources such as heating and air conditioning. Using seat and steering yoke (or steering wheel) heaters (if equipped) to keep warm is more efficient than heating the cabin using climate controls.
  • With your vehicle plugged in, use the mobile app to precondition your vehicle to ensure the cabin is at a comfortable temperature and windows are defrosted (if needed) before your drive by touching Climate > On and customizing your preferences (see Mobile App).
  • Touch Schedule, available on both the charging and climate control screens, to set a time when you want your vehicle to be ready to drive (see Scheduled Charging and Scheduled Departure).
  • Ensure the wheels are aligned to specification, the tires are kept at the recommended inflation pressures (see Tire Care and Maintenance), and are rotated when needed (see Maintenance Service Intervals).
  • Lighten your load by removing any unnecessary cargo.
  • Fully raise all windows.
  • Features such as Sentry Mode and Cabin Overheat Protection can impact range. Disable features when not needed.
  • To prevent an excessive amount of energy consumption while the vehicle is idle, keep the vehicle plugged in when not in use.

It is normal for estimated range to decrease slightly over the first few months before leveling off. Over time, you may see a gradual, but natural, decrease in range at full charge – this depends on factors such as the mileage and age of the Battery. Your Model S will inform you in the unlikely event a hardware issue is causing excessive Battery or range degradation.

Range Assurance

The driving range displayed in Model S is an estimate of the remaining battery energy based on EPA-rated consumption. It may not account for your personal driving patterns or external conditions. The displayed range on the instrument panel may decrease faster than the actual distance driven.

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Rated driving range is based on EPA-rated consumption in the United States, which deviates from tests advertised and performed in other jurisdictions.

Your vehicle continuously monitors its energy level and proximity to known charging locations.

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Touch Chargers in the Navigation search bar to toggle between types of chargers, including Superchargers and destination charging sites.

When you are at risk of driving beyond the range of known charging locations, the touchscreen displays a message giving you the opportunity to display a list of charging locations that are within range. When you select a charging location from the list, Model S provides navigation instructions and the turn-by-turn direction list displays the predicted amount of energy that will remain when you arrive at the charging destination.

Trip Planner (if available in your market region) routes you through Supercharger locations to minimize the amount of time you spend charging and driving. To enable, touch Controls > Navigation > Trip Planner.

Energy App

The Energy app provides a visual representation of your vehicle's real-time and projected energy usage.

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  1. Locate the Energy app in the bottom bar by touching the app launcher (the three dots).
  2. Touch to open the Energy app and choose from the different tabs. The energy chart's colored line represents your actual driving energy consumption whereas the gray line represents predicted usage.
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    You can customize the chart values by touching Controls > Display > Energy Display.
  • Drive: Monitor the amount of energy being used while driving. You can track the real-time energy consumption broken down by categories, compare against different baseline projections, and view range tips tailored to your drive to understand how to improve energy efficiency.
    1. Choose Trip while navigating to a destination to compare the actual usage against the estimated projection.
    2. Choose Rated to compare the actual energy or range usage against the estimated driving distance (or energy) available.
    3. Choose between Current Drive to view data from your current drive or Since Last Charged to include data since the vehicle was last charged.
    4. View Range Tips to understand impacts on battery consumption and suggestions to maximize range and efficiency.
  • Park: Monitors the amount of energy lost while Model S is parked.
    1. Choose between Since Last Drive or Since Last Charge.
    2. View how much idle energy has been consumed while your vehicle is parked and suggestions to decrease energy loss.