Subsystems

Motor Type(s)

Rear motor: AC permanent magnet synchronous motor, liquid-cooled, with variable frequency drive.

Front motor (AWD vehicles): AC induction motor, liquid-cooled, with variable frequency drive.

Transmission

Type Single speed fixed gear
Gearbox Ratio 9:1

Steering

Steering Specifications
Type Rack and pinion with electronic power steering, speed sensitive
Number of turns lock to lock 2.00
Turning Circle (curb to curb) 39.8 ft (12.1 m)

Brakes

Type 4-wheel anti-lock braking system (ABS) with Electronic Brake Force Distribution, Integrated Advanced Stability Control and Electronic Accelerator pedal actuated regenerative braking system
Calipers

Front: Four piston fixed
Rear: Integrated Electronic Parking Brake Sliding

Rotor Diameter (ventilated)

Front (non-Performance): 14.0"/355 mm
Front (Performance): 14.0"/355 mm
Rear (non-Performance): 13.2"/335 mm
Rear (Performance): 13.2”/335 mm

Front Rotor thickness

New (non-performance): 0.98"/25 mm
New (performance): 1.06" / 27 mm
Service limit (non-performance): 0.91”/23 mm
Service limit (performance): 0.98" / 25 mm

Rear Rotor thickness

New (non-performance): 0.79"/20 mm
New (performance): 0.87" / 22 mm
Service limit (non-performance): 0.71”/18 mm
Service limit (performance): 0.79" / 20 mm

Lateral runout

0.050 mm

Chordal runout

0.040 mm

Disk thickness variation (DTV)

0.010 mm

Front Brake Pad Thickness (excluding back plate)

New: 0.393"/10 mm
Service limit: 0.085"/2.15 mm

Rear Brake Pad Thickness (excluding back plate)

New: 0.354"/9 mm
Service limit: 0.078"/2 mm

Performance Front Brake Pad Thickness (excluding back plate) New: 0.393"/10 mm Service limit: 0.085"/2.15 mm
Performance Rear Brake Pad Thickness (excluding back plate) New: 0.354"/ 9 mm Service limit: 0.071"/1.8 mm
Parking brake Electrically actuated parking brake integrated into rear caliper

Suspension

Suspension Specifications
Front Independent, double wishbone, coil spring/telescopic damper, sway bar
Rear Independent, multi-link, coil spring/telescopic damper

Battery - Low Voltage

Battery - Low Voltage Specifications
Rating 33 amp hour or higher
Voltage and Polarity Low voltage negative (-) ground

Battery - High Voltage

Type Liquid-cooled lithium ion (Li-ion)
Nominal Voltage 360 V DC
Temperature Range Do not expose Model Y to ambient temperatures above 140° F (60° C) or below -22° F (-30° C) for more than 24 hours at a time.