Subsystems

Motor Type

Motor Type

Model S
Model X

Model S Plaid
Model X Plaid

Front and rear motor AC permanent magnet synchronous motor, liquid-cooled, with variable frequency drive AC permanent magnet synchronous motor, carbon-fiber-wrapped rotor, liquid-cooled, with variable frequency drive (2x motors in the rear)

Transmission

Transmission Model X Model X Plaid
Type Single speed fixed gear Single speed fixed gear
Overall Final Drive Ratio

Front unit motor: 7.5:1
Rear unit motor: 9.0:1

Front unit motor: 7.5:1
Rear unit motor: 7.5:1

Reverse Gear Reverse direction of motor, limited to 15 mph (24 km/h) Reverse direction of motor, limited to 15 mph (24 km/h)

Steering

Steering Specifications
Type Variable rack and pinion with electronic power steering, speed sensitive
Number of turns lock to lock 2.33
Turning Circle (curb to curb) 40.8 ft (12.4 m)

Brakes

Brakes Specifications
Type 4-wheel anti-lock braking system (ABS) with Electronic Brake Force Distribution, Integrated Advanced Stability Control and Electronic Accelerator pedal actuated regenerative braking system
Calipers Front: Four piston, fixed
Rear: Single piston, floating
Rotor Diameters (ventilated) Front: 14.96”/380 mm
Rear: 14.37”/365 mm
Front Rotor thickness New: 1.26”/32 mm
Service limit: 1.18”/30 mm
Rear Rotor thickness New: 1.10”/28 mm
Service limit: 1.02”/26 mm
Front Brake Pad Thickness (excluding back plate) New: 0.41”/10.5 mm (MIN)
Service limit: 0.09”/ 2.3 mm
Rear Brake Pad Thickness (excluding back plate) New: 0.33”/8.5 mm (MIN)
Service limit: 0.11”/ 2.7 mm
Parking brake Electrically actuated parking brake calipers

Suspension

Suspension Specifications
Front Independent, double wishbone, air spring with adaptive damper, stabilizer bar
Rear Independent, multi-link, air spring with adaptive damper, stabilizer bar

Battery - Low Voltage

Battery - Low Voltage Specifications
Rating 6.9 amp hour
Voltage 15.5V

Battery - High Voltage

Battery - High Voltage Specifications
Type Liquid-cooled lithium ion (Li-ion)
Nominal Voltage 407 V DC
Temperature Range Do not expose Model X to ambient temperatures above 149° F (65° C) or below -22° F (-30° C) for more than 24 hours at a time.